Apple Watch 10 X blood sugar sensor

Apple Watch X

In recent years, wearable technology has made significant strides in enhancing personal health monitoring. Apple, a forerunner in this domain, continues to push the boundaries with its innovative Apple Watch series. Among the highly anticipated features rumored to be in development is a blood sugar sensor, a potential game-changer for individuals managing diabetes and those […]

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The Architectural Heritage of the Mesopotamian Civilization

Mesopotamian architecture, born in the region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, takes its name from the Greek phrase “the land between the rivers. The Mesopotamian civilization is also known as the “Cradle of Civilization,” which covers the territories in Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Syria, Jordan, and Cyprus. The art and architectural creations from ancient Mesopotamia, trace their origins over 7,000 years ago. These works initially emerged in northern Mesopotamia before the Ubaid Period (circa 5500-4000 BCE) and further evolved in the south during the Uruk Period (4000-3000 BCE) in Sumer which marked the establishment of the earliest recorded civilization. During this period, the focus in architecture was predominantly on religious structures, with all sculptures having deep religious significance.

Image courtesy of: Kaufingdude

Some of Mesopotamia’s architectural achievements include advanced urban planning, the design of the courtyard house, and the construction of ziggurats to name a few.

Urban Planning

• Mesopotamian cities followed a grid-like layout with straight-aligned streets and structures where the city was organized into square or rectangular blocks that are akin to contemporary urban planning. The cities featured intersecting main streets that ran both longitudinally and latitudinally and were lined with a variety of establishments, including shops, residences, and public buildings. Additionally, distinct sectors were strategically planned for housing, religious activities, and various administrative functions.
• The city was divided into residential, mixed-use, commercial, and civic zones that were grouped according to the profession of the people and were distinctly allocated based on social strata. The more affluent residents occupied the inner city, and those of lower socio-economic status resided in the outskirts.
• The Mesopotamian urban centers included robust walls constructed from mud-brick or stone to safeguard the territory against intrusion and security of the residents. These fortified walls were characterized by substantial thickness durability and protection from external dangers.

Ishtar Gate of Babylon

Image courtesy of: Rick Norton

The Ishtar Gate was a significant entrance around the inner city of Babylon, the capital of ancient Babylonia. This gate epitomized the city’s opulence and power. Adorned with intricate sculptures featuring lions, bulls, and dragons, it served as a symbol of the Babylonian ruler’s authority. The sculptures on the gate were crafted from vibrant glazed brick, enhancing the structure’s striking appearance.

• Another important aspect of the Mesopotamian civilization was the construction of the central high temple complex that served as the core around which the city evolved and the urban layout developed.
• Mesopotamian urban centers featured numerous public edifices, including grand palaces, administrative hubs, and assembly halls. Additionally, public plazas and market places served as focal points for trade and social gatherings.


Image courtesy of: Handrox-G

• The Ziggurats formed one of Mesopotamia’s most renowned architectural elements which stood out as a colossal, tiered temple tower, resembling a stepped pyramid.
• These structures held religious significance and were built from sun-dried bricks that were often decorated with vibrant glazed bricks and the temples were dedicated to various gods and goddesses.
• These monumental structures were often located at the center of the cities where they acted as focal points and symbolized the city’s connection with the divine.

Some of the famous Ziggurats include:

Ziggurat of Dur-Kurigalzu

Image courtesy of: Dr. Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Dur-Kurigalzu is an ancient city that is situated approximately 30 kilometers west of modern-day Baghdad and was established by the Kassite king of Babylon, Kurigalzu I, during the early 14th century B.C. This ziggurat is 52 meters tall and stands out prominently in the flat terrain near the convergence of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. It was surrounded by multiple temples and an extensive palace complex covering an area of 420,000 square meters.

Chogha Zanbil

Image courtesy of: Mehdi Zali.K

Chogha Zanbil is the name of a complex housing a massive ziggurat and is known as one of the world’s best-preserved ziggurats, located in the Khuzestan Province in western Iran. The square ziggurat measured 105.2 meters in base length and 53 meters in height, distributed across 5 floors. This ziggurat was constructed in the 13th century B.C. and it earned UNESCO World Heritage status in 1979.

Great Ziggurat of Ur

Image courtesy of: Hardnfast

The Great Ziggurat of Ur, originally named “Etemenniguru,” meaning “Temple whose foundation creates an aura,” was initially constructed in the 21st century B.C. However, by the 6th century B.C., it had fallen into disrepair and was subsequently restored by the Neo-Babylonian King Nabonidus. For many centuries, the ziggurat was forgotten until its rediscovery in the 1920s. This ziggurat in the southeast of Iraq underwent partial restoration, which included the grand staircase leading to the upper levels.

Mesopotamian Houses

Image courtesy of: BrokenSphere

Sumerian houses featured long-roofed central hallways, courtyards, and multiple storeys, exhibiting significant variations in size and construction materials, indicating that inhabitants likely constructed them themselves. These houses were oriented inward, focusing on an open cooling courtyard serving as the central hub for the home, with all rooms opening into it. The external walls remained plain, offering a single-entry point to the street.


• The opulent palaces in Mesopotamia functioned as the centers of authority for rulers and administrators. The palace complex included impressive courtyards, audience chambers, and private accommodations.
• These versatile structures not only served as royal residences but also as administrative hubs, storage facilities, and sometimes workshops for artisans. Typically, these functions were compartmentalized, with various rooms grouped around an open central courtyard.

What are the Key Features of Mesopotamian Art and Architecture?

• Mesopotamian builders harnessed the local resources of clay and reeds to implement mudbrick construction for creating robust structures such as city walls, fortifications, and residences. Mud bricks were a staple of Mesopotamian construction due to their abundant local availability. These bricks were manually formed using a mixture of clay and straw, sun-dried, and subsequently utilized in architecture.
• Mesopotamian buildings include brick construction, columns, arches, and ornate decorations. The architects in Mesopotamia employed a modular design approach, enabling easy construction.
• The Mesopotamian architectural style, influenced by the region’s hot, arid climate, incorporated thick walls and high ceilings for sun and heat protection.
• In city planning, canals played a vital role by enabling agricultural irrigation, facilitating transportation, and supporting trade. Intricate water management systems were designed by skilled engineers and architects to control water from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, including canals, embankments, and reservoirs. Note that water management was crucial to the fertile soil of Mesopotamia so that it could support agriculture and urban development.
• In Mesopotamian cities, they implemented sophisticated sanitation systems for their era, characterized by efficiently designed drainage and sewage systems, utilizing canals and conduits to divert wastewater from residential zones, effectively mitigating the risk of disease transmission.
• Mesopotamians used cuneiform script to inscribe stone tablets, reliefs, and statues for commemorating achievements, recording legal codes, and conveying religious narratives. This provides invaluable insights into the historical and cultural heritage of the Mesopotamian civilization.
• Mesopotamian architecture was adorned with carvings, reliefs, and sculptures, which not only enhanced the aesthetics but also conveyed social, political, and religious themes, often drawing from mythology, nature, and everyday life.

Image courtesy of: Sanjar Alimov

Image courtesy of: Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

To conclude, the Mesopotamian urban design was efficient and featured grid-like arrangements, defensive fortifications, ziggurats, irrigation canals, well-planned residential zones, public structures, and sanitation systems. These design elements played a key role in fostering the growth of vibrant urban hubs that served as the foundation of the Mesopotamian civilization.

The post The Architectural Heritage of the Mesopotamian Civilization first appeared on Yanko Design.

The Morning After: Blue screen of death outage affected around 8.5 million devices

A faulty update from cybersecurity provider CrowdStrike caused a global outage last Friday, apparently affecting some 8.5 million Windows devices, according to Microsoft itself.

The update triggered a blue screen of death (BSOD), knocking offline systems used by hospitals, airlines, and banks. Only machines running Windows were affected — according to CrowdStrike, the total number of devices affected was “less than one percent of all Windows machines.”

The update “was designed to target newly observed, malicious named pipes being used by common C2 frameworks in cyberattacks,” according to CrowdStrike. Unfortunately, it included a logic error, crashing the OS. In the blog post on Saturday, Microsoft’s VP of enterprise and OS security, David Weston, wrote that the company is working with CrowdStrike to “develop a scalable solution” to fix the faulty update. Microsoft has also called for help from Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Google Cloud Platform (GCP).

Unfortunately, not everything is fixed quite yet — just ask Delta flyers over the weekend.

— Mat Smith

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.45 PARABELLUM BLOODHOUND is a cyberpunk RPG with a ’90s aesthetic

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Samsung halts Galaxy Buds 3 Pro shipments amid quality control issues

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No one has been making foldable phones longer than Samsung. But the pace of innovation from the company has slowed while new challengers, like the OnePlus Open and Pixel Fold, have arrived. Now for 2024, Samsung has reinforced the Galaxy Z Fold 6 with a stronger but significantly lighter frame, a new ultra-wide-angle camera and a bunch of AI-powered tools. It’s better, sure, but it feels like complacency is eroding Samsung’s foldable lead. 

Read the full review.

Kunitsu-Gami is a game of two halves: frenzied combat and peaceful base building. Demon enemies are often gross (intentionally!), filled with pus, and armed with claws. The game blends real-time combat with tower-defense mechanics, with all of it taking place in a zoomed-out third-person view. With so many samey action RPGs and Soulslikes, Kunitsu-Gami takes a refreshingly different approach. Oh, and so much delicious-looking, hyper-detailed video game food.

Continue reading.

NASA scientists say pure sulfur has been found on Mars for the first time after the Curiosity rover inadvertently uncovered a cluster of yellow crystals when it drove over a rock. And it looks like the area is filled with it. While minerals containing sulfur have been observed on the red planet, elemental sulfur has never been seen before. Ashwin Vasavada, Curiosity’s project scientist, said: “It shouldn’t be there, so now we have to explain it.”

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Rivian just opened its first EV charging rest stop, 24 miles outside Yosemite National Park. Alongside the five DC fast chargers, only for Rivian owners, there are bathrooms, a lounge with a small library, a water refill station, free coffee, and make-your-own trail mix. These other amenities are open to anyone, and Rivian says it’s planning more Charging Outposts “around national parks and other high-traffic areas across the country.”

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This article originally appeared on Engadget at

iOS 18 Top features and redesigned apps explored

iOS 18 public beta top features

If you like to learn more about the top features that will be included with the upcoming iOS 18 release in September. Brian Tong has been hands-on with the latest iOS from Apple to bring you the new features aimed at enhancing customization, privacy, and user experience. iOS 18 Top features : Extensive Home Screen Customization: […]

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CrowdStrike outage aftershocks cause Delta to cancel over 1,000 more flights

The CrowdStrike outage that started late on Thursday is still causing havoc as Delta was forced to scrap an additional 1,250 flights yesterday on top of the 3,500 already cancelled, Reuters reported. That has left tens of thousands of Delta fliers stranded waiting for new flights that could take days, forcing many to cancel or postpone trips. The airline has yet to say when it will resume normal operations. 

Delta has scratched a third of scheduled flights for a total of 5,000 since Friday, and delayed another 1,700. "In particular one of our crew tracking-related tools was affected and unable to effectively process the unprecedented number of changes triggered by the system shutdown," said Delta CEO Ed Bastian.

CrowdStrike's software update affected 8.5 million Windows devices, causing many to go into a boot loop that could only be recovered by technicians with direct access to machines. The problem turned out to be a faulty sensor designed to detect malicious activity that "triggered a logic error that resulted in an operating system crash," according to CrowdStrike.

Delta was the worst hit of any US airline, and United Airlines was a distant second with about 266 (9 percent) of flights cancelled on Sunday. 

At first, United and Delta told stranded travelers that they wouldn't cover bills since the CrowdStrike crash was out of their control. However, US Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg later stepped in and said that he considered the situation self-inflicted, so carriers would need to cover food, transportation and lodging costs for any delays longer than three hours as required by law. 

CrowdStrike said today that a "significant" number of devices are back online and the company is reportedly close to rolling out an automatic fix to the issue. Also heavily impacted by the outage are healthcare and other public services in the US and UK, with the NHS warning patients that "there may still be some delays." 

This article originally appeared on Engadget at

How to build AI apps using AgentScope drag-and-drop UI

using AgentScope to build AI apps

If you would like to quickly create AI enabled applications for your own business or to sell on as Software as a Service (SaaS) products. You might be interested in AgentScope, a new drag-and-drop platform designed to simplify the creation of multi-agent systems and AI applications. The platform offers a user-friendly interface, robust features, and […]

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Tenstorrent next-gen Wormhole Developer Kits now available

Tenstorrent next-gen Wormhole Developer Kits

Did you know that traditional GPUs often fall short when it comes to handling complex AI models efficiently? Tenstorrent aims to change that with their newly launched Wormhole Developer Kits and Workstations. Featuring the powerful Wormhole n150 and n300 PCIe boards, these kits promise superior performance and flexibility. These new offerings include the Wormhole n150 […]

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How to build an AI Slack assistant

How to build an AI Slack assistant

Ever felt overwhelmed by the sheer volume of messages and tasks in your Slack channels? Do you wish there was an easier way to manage data, automate repetitive tasks, and onboard new team members? You’re not alone. Many teams struggle with these challenges daily. But what if there was a solution that could turn Slack […]

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HMD Skyline is a Nokia Lumia throwback with repairability at its core

The Nokia brand was famous for its innumerable smartphone designs, some of which have stood the test of time and are being revived today. Although not as old as those, the Nokia Lumia with its blocky silhouette, curved sides, and raised 2.5D screen is just as distinctive, becoming the DNA of the product line until its demise. HMD Global, who now eagerly wants to remind everyone that its name stands for “Human Mobile Devices,” is bringing back that iconic form but with a twist. The HMD Skyline might be a blast from the past, but it is also the most forward-looking of its kind thanks to its strong self-repair spirit.

Designer: HMD

The Skyline is notable for two things. The first is, of course, is design that is both dated yet ironically fresh to people’s eyes today. The more geometric block is almost in line with art trends today, and its neon pink colorway definitely shouts for attention. Given the retro design craze gripping multiple industries, its arrival couldn’t be more timely.

This juxtaposition also shows itself in the HMD Skyline’s other strength: its easy repairability. Sure, it’s not as easy as popping off the back plate with a fingernail and swapping out batteries in a snap, but it’s still worlds apart compared to most smartphones today, including its mid-range buddies. There’s only one screw to lift the back panel, which you can gently pry off with plastic cards or guitar picks, then other connectors can be easily unscrewed or lifted. It’s probably the least risky process around when it comes to replacing the screen. And all that while still having an IP54 dust and water resistance rating.

Images courtesy of: iFixit

The irony is that HMD is positioning this Gen 2 repairability as an attractive feature for Gen Z users who, it claims, are more likely to keep their phone if they can repair it themselves. That said, this is also the generation that lives for the latest and greatest designs, convenient services, and near-instant gratification from social media. Then again, it’s also the maker culture, so there might be some DIY DNA running through their veins as well, waiting to be awakened.

The HMD Skyline’s specs are a bit less impressive, but it’s actually almost a miracle that some of them are even there. The 6.55-inch 1080p, for example, is capable of 144Hz refresh rates, and its 4,600mAh battery supports magnetic wireless charging. There’s a massive 108MP camera teamed up with a 50MP telephoto shooter and a 13MP wide-angle camera. The Snapdragon 7s Gen 2, however, clearly marks it for the mid-range class. All things considered, the $500 Android phone isn’t as bad a deal, especially if you’re truly into retro designs that you plan on maintaining for a very long time.

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